While the occasional cat sneezing probably isn’t cause for alarm, cats tend to sneeze occasionally, constant sneezing can be a sign of illness.
Sneezing is a physiological response to irritation in the nasal cavity. But what will cause sneezing in cats? In summary, the reasons are as follows:
Irritants in the Environment: Products that you can sneeze, cats will certainly. The most common item that causes cats to sneeze is dusty cat litter containing silica crystals. In addition: products such as perfume, cigarettes, detergents, fiberglass, insecticides and deodorants can cause cats to sneeze.
Allergies: Some cats may cause itching or difficulty breathing due to allergies. But some cats may sneeze because of pollen or mold in the air. If the problem is only seasonal, finding a veterinarian to prescribe antihistamines will have a significant effect.
Foreign Matter: Sand or grass leaves in the nose, which can cause the cat to sneeze. In most cases, sneezing will stop when foreign matters are removed. In elderly cats, there may be rhinitis, nasal polyps, tumors and even respiratory degeneration caused by chronic viruses.
Dental abscess: The three premolars of the cat’s upper jaw penetrate the nasal cavity at the root. Therefore, if your cat has problems with teeth or periodontal tissues, it will sneeze or even runny nose.
Specific breeds: Due to the structure of the head, certain breeds of cats have smaller nasal passages and narrowed nostrils, which can cause respiratory issues. It is therefore easier to sneeze. For example: Persian Cat, British Shorthairs and Himalayans, etc.
Infectious Cause of Cat Sneezing
According to statistics, about two-thirds of cat sneezing cases are caused by herpes virus. Generally speaking, young cats or elderly cats are more likely to be infected because their immune systems are weaker. The nasal mucosa of elderly cats may change with age, which may make the infection more serious. Their immune system may no longer be as active as before.
These chronic changes are more common in flat-faced cat breeds, such as Persian and Shorthair cats.
In addition to the herpes virus, the calicivirus is also one of the most common causes of cat sneezing.
Besides, cats are also more susceptible to bacterial upper respiratory tract infections caused by Pasteurella, Bordetella, Streptococcus, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, and Pseudomonas.
Some superficially healthy cats are likely to be carriers of these viruses or bacteria. When conditions are ripe, they will become ill and it is infectious.
After many cats are infected, in addition to sneezing, the most common other symptom is that the eyes will also have problems at the same time, and most cats will be accompanied by conjunctivitis.
An occasional sneeze is nothing to stress about, but if your cat is sneezing frequently or has snotty nasal discharge, a trip to the veterinarian is in order. Pay more attention to your cat sneezing!
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