Canine parvovirus is a disease that makes pet owners feel afraid and fearful, and it shows how severe it is in pet. When a dog has a Canine parvovirus, it is really a worrying thing about dog life. This is a very serious and highly contagious virus. Not only will the dog be uncomfortable, but also hard to treat well. Therefore, the novice pet owner must take good care of dogs, especially puppies, they are a group with a high prevalence rate.
So What exactly is canine parvovirus (CPV-2)?
First of all, canine parvovirus is a highly contagious disease, commonly known in the folk as “turning intestines”, it is also known as infectious hemorrhagic enteritis. CPV-2 is the causative agent of acute hemorrhagic enteritis and myocarditis in dogs. It is one of the pathogens with the highest incidence (100%). The mortality rate of adult infected dogs is as high as 10%, while the mortality rate of puppies can be as high as 91 %. In 1977, American scholars Eugster and Nairn first discovered this virus, and it was only in 1983 that our country confirmed the epidemic in China. Although CPV-2 has only been 42 years since its discovery, it has claimed the lives of countless dogs.
There is no obvious seasonality in the canine parvovirus epidemic, and it may occur throughout the year, but it is more common in winter and spring. A dog with a virus is the main source of infection. Its vomit, feces, and urine all contain large amounts of virus. If a dog touches these excreta, it is very likely to be infected. Dogs with poor body immunity may also be infected when they come into contact with contaminated dog food or water.
Symptoms of dog infection with parvovirus:
Parvovirus is divided into two types, one is enteritis type, the other is myocarditis type, and their clinical symptoms are also different.
Enteritis-type: Dogs infected with enteritis-type parvovirus will be affected by the virus in their digestive system. The intestinal mucosa of the dog will be damaged, and it will show symptoms of loss of appetite, fatigue, fever and vomiting and diarrhea. The feces of the dog will be liquid, like the color of ketchup, and accompanied by a fishy smell. The dog owner will know that the dog is sick when he looks at the feces. This type of disease is more common than the small type of myocarditis, and the onset time is about 2-7 days. If it is not treated in time, it will be life-threatening.
Myocarditis type: The small type of myocarditis will affect the dog’s cardiothoracic health, and it will attack the dog’s cardiomyocytes. In addition to the onset of enteritis, dogs also have irregular heart rhythms and difficulty breathing. Compared with the enteritis type, the infection mortality rate of this disease is higher. If the condition is serious, the dog will die within 24 hours, usually sudden death of myocardial infarction, there will be no obvious signs before death, but this disease is relatively It is also relatively rare.
Can canine parvovirus be completely cured?
Unfortunately, at present, there is no complete cure for Canine Parvovirus. For sick dogs, the owner is better to send it to the hospital once finding it uncomfortable, because home care can no longer alleviate its condition. The delay of treatment will accelerate its illness condition . Dogs need to be hospitalized and critically ill to be sent to the hospital. Generally, doctors will perform antiemetics, diarrhea, hemostasis and fluid replenishment according to the condition of the dogs. Dogs also need intravenous fluids to control the acid-base balance in the body and prevent dehydration. Dogs with Canine Parvovirus are not completely incurable, as long as timely treatment can control the condition.
How to prevent dogs from being infected with parvovirus?
1. The owner should regularly take the dogs to be vaccinated, so that problems can be detected and treated as soon as possible. Vaccination with a dog is the most effective way to prevent parvovirus, so that it can increase its resistance to the virus. The dog vaccine has not been completely vaccinated, and the owner should take it less for outdoor activities. It is best to wait for a week after it is vaccinated before taking it out.
2. When the owner picks up the dog to go home, he must take the dog to be vaccinated. When buying the dog, he must buy it from a formal channel, otherwise many online shopping or dog market are dogs of unknown origin.
3. Avoid dogs coming into contact with anything used by sick dogs, including dog bowls, combs or dog beds. When you take your dog out for outdoor activities, you should seldom go to places where there is a high risk of infection, such as dog parks, pet shops or dog markets, where are places with high incidence of Parvovirus.
4. Normally, the dog owner should provide the dog with a balanced diet and take it out to exercise regularly, so that it can be supplemented with sufficient nutrition and strengthen the body’s resistance, so that it will not often catch a cold and fever, and give the virus the opportunity to take advantage.
5. To disinfect the dog’s active area frequently to maintain environmental sanitation, you can regularly disinfect the dog’s daily necessities with a special disinfectant for pets.
More information about dog health, please click here:https://petzoo.net/forums/forum/dog/dog-health/