Cat Kidneys are very essential and important to body. They help cats control blood pressure, produce hormones, stimulate bone marrow, produce more red blood cells, and remove waste from the blood. However, cat kidney disease is also one of the most common diseases in cats, especially kidney failure, which will have a serious impact on the health of cats, and the care of sick cats should also be particularly careful.
Cat Kidney Failure is divided into Acute and Chronic.
Acute Kidney failure occurs suddenly within a few days or weeks, and can occur in all cats. Usually cats suffer from acute renal failure due to: poisoning, such as ingestion of antifreeze, poisonous plants, insecticides, cleaning fluids and certain human medication (even single-piece ibuprofen can cause cat kidney failure). Therefore, the cat owner needs to check these things in the house every day and make sure that the cat can’t touch them; Trauma, especially pelvic fractures or bladder burst; Excessive blood loss or rapid dehydration and shock, in hot weather, activity, vomiting and diarrhea increase significantly; All of these may cause a significant drop in water in the body; kidney infection; blockage, change blood flow to the kidneys and urine; heart failure leads to low blood pressure, reducing blood flow to the kidneys.
Chronic kidney failure may be more difficult to treat. Although the exact cause of chronic kidney disease is not well understood by veterinarians, some factors are worth considering: kidney infections and blockages, which may not cause acute kidney failure, but reduce kidney function within a few months or years Level; pathological kidney disease associated with aging; congenital kidney malformations (such as kittens born in Persian cats with polycystic kidneys); bacterial infections of kidney tumors (lymphosarcoma is the most common type of leukocyte in infiltrating tumors) ; High blood pressure; Viral infections (cat immunodeficiency virus (FIV) or cat infectious peritonitis); kidney amyloid deposits, etc.
Symptoms of Cat Kidney Failure
1. Abnormal Urination: The production of a large amount of diluted urine is one of the first symptoms of cat nephropathy. This will cause the cat to urinate frequently. The cat’s urinal will be distributed a lot, and sometimes it will urinate in the house. On the other hand, if it is severe acute kidney disease, the cat will often urinate less than usual.
2. Easy to be Thirsty: When water in the body is lost in the form of dilute urine, cats with kidney disease will become dehydrated and thirsty. At first they were replenished by drinking more water, but eventually the replenished water can no longer satisfy the loss. If cats want to drink water, they sometimes sit by the water bowl.
3. Feel Nausea and vomiting: When the kidney failure happens, the cat kidney cannot effectively expel large amounts of toxins. This may cause a significant increase in some very disgusting chemicals in the blood, make the cat nausea and vomiting and produce anorexia. If the corresponding improvement measures are not taken for a long time, the cat will lose weight due to eating problems.
4. Anemia: The kidneys produce a hormone (erythropoietin) that triggers the production of red blood cells. This means that when the kidney is injured, the blood is also affected. In addition, sick cats often drink a lot of water, which means their blood will be diluted and the concentration of blood cells will be reduced.
5. Increased blood phosphorus: During cat kidney failure, as the kidney’s excretory capacity decreases, the phosphorus content in the cat’s blood will rise, and the calcium neutralized in the blood phase will also increase, most of the calcium is stored in the bone, these calcium will flow into the blood, and in severe cases, will cause serious damage due to bone lack of calcium.
6. High Blood Pressure: Some cats with chronic kidney disease have high blood pressure, but compared to other symptoms, the health problems caused by blood pressure are relatively small.
How to take good care of cat with kidney failure?
1. Appetite stimulants and anabolic steroids: These are used to increase the cat’s appetite and allow it to eat again. Only in this way can the sick cat be assured of adequate nutrition and maintain a certain weight index.
2. Change Diet: You can buy prescription foods for cat kidney failure by consulting a veterinarian. Prescription kidney diets reduce protein and phosphorus levels, which can reduce kidney work and limit toxin levels in the bloodstream. Cats with acute kidney failure can return to regular cat food after a period of time to restore health, and cats with chronic kidney failure should be used alone for a long time.
3. Phosphate binder: Damaged kidneys have limited ability to process phosphate. This medication binds to the phosphorus in the intestine, so it does not cross into the blood circulation and accumulate in the bloodstream.
4. Antibiotics: If urinary tract or kidney infections are found, a veterinarian will be consulted to use appropriate antibiotics.
5. Potassium supplementation: Excessive potassium loss during kidney failure can lead to cat muscle weakness and poor hair quality. Potassium supplements can improve the condition of cats.
6. Vitamins B and C: These vitamins will be lost in large quantities after the cat suffers from kidney failure. Supplementing these vitamins will keep the cells functioning normally and make the cat feel good.
7. Blood pressure monitoring: Monitor blood pressure to reduce the chance of further kidney damage. If high blood pressure is detected, the cat needs further treatment.
8. Provide plenty of water: Cats with chronic kidney disease have an increased risk of dehydration, so encourage sick cats to drink plenty of water.
It is important to bring a cat for health checkup regularly, because cat kidney disease can be detected early through the inspection if the clinical symptoms are quickly confirmed. The sooner cat kidney disease is detected, the better the result will be. Because monitoring and appropriate treatment can be in place to protect the rest of the kidney. This will help ensure that your cat’s quality of life does not decrease significantly, and in many cases can greatly lengthen the lifespan of sick cats.
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