Cat sporotrichosis is a fungal disease caused by the Pathogenic dimorphic fungi-Schenk sporococcus, which belongs to zoonosis.
Schenk sporococcus can survive well in spoiled plant materials. In other words, the pathogen of this disease is mainly distributed in spoiled/rotten grasses and plants, which is the most common way of infection. Cats that can be exposed to decaying vegetation for a long period of time have a higher infection rate, so outdoor free-range cats and indoor and outdoor free-range cats are a group of cats at risk for cat spores.
Methods and Symptoms of Cat Sporotrichosis
The most common infection method of cats is wound contact infection. When a cat fights with other cats or other animals and causes wounds on the body, the wounds may be infected if they are exposed to decaying plants.
Cats are infected with this fungal disease. Early lesions usually occur on the wounds of the body. The more common wounds are the head, the distal limbs, and the base of the tail. In the early stages of infection, abscesses appear on the wounded area of the affected cat, forming drainage tubes or cellulite. As the disease progressed, ulcers began to develop at the injury site, and pus-like exudate oozed out. If no treatment is taken at this time, the infected area will be further enlarged, affecting muscles and bones, and the cat’s combing action may spread the fungus to the whole body and form systemic symptoms. At the same time, cats may also exhibit symptoms such as anorexia, lethargy, and fever.
Treatment for Cat Sporotrichosis
Treat wounds first, use disposable gauze or cotton swabs to treat ulcer damage and open fistula, and then treat with medicine. As with many fungal diseases, the preferred drug for cat spore mycosis is itraconazole.
The more common dosage of itraconazole is: 5-10mg/kg q12-24h PO, which is 5-10mg per kilogram according to body weight, and so on, and then consider whether it is once every 12 hours or once every 24 hours according to the condition.
If itraconazole is used for treatment, the cat has adverse reactions or the treatment result is not ideal, you can consider terbinafine + fluconazole for treatment.
Usually after 4-8 weeks of treatment, the clinical symptoms can be fully recovered. After complete recovery, in order to prevent relapse, treatment should be at least one month.
Note: The use of any imidazole medication during pregnancy is prohibited. Glucocorticoids and other immunosuppressive medications are prohibited before and during treatment.
Prognosis: The earlier the diagnosis and treatment, the better the prognosis. If systemic disease or severe failure has occurred before diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis is poor, with a certain mortality rate.
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