Dog Addison’s Disease is mainly caused by the adrenal gland unable to produce enough cortisol and aldosterone. This disease is also known as chronic adrenocortical insufficiency or cortisone insufficiency (Hypocortisolism).
It is a series of clinical syndromes caused by glucocorticoid or mineralocorticoid deficiency. Addison’s disease in animals is a defect of corticosteroids. This is an unusual finding, because of the shortcomings in this area, unless taking drugs to destroy the adrenal balance, but fortunately, this disease can be controlled by corticosteroids, even if the cause of the defect is unknown.
Symptoms of Dog Addison’s Disease:
The most common clinical symptoms are depression, dehydration, weakness and hypothermia; collapse, bradycardia and abdominal pain are rare.
Diagnosis of Dog Addison’s Disease
Dog Addison’s Disease may appear in different forms. The failure to maintain normal blood sugar levels (which eventually appears to be dysfunctional) may be a strong indication of insulin-secreting pancreatic tumors, and this is an important test for dog Addison’s disease before a major abdominal surgery.
Routine blood tests may reveal lymphocytosis and eosinophilia, as well as mild positive cell positive pigmented non-regenerative anemia, and most dogs with primary adrenal insufficiency will develop typical hyponatremia , Hypochloremia and hyperkalemia (sodium to potassium ratio <27:1), and prerenal azotemia.