Dog Cushing’s Disease, a.k.a. hyperadrenocorticism, refers to a dog secreting too much of a certain hormone in the adrenal glands. The medical term for this condition is hyperadrenal cortex. Generally speaking, after suffering from this disease, the outer layer of the adrenal gland will review the work.
The adrenal glands are located near the kidneys. Its main function is to produce several important substances that regulate body functions. These substances are very necessary to maintain life. The adrenal glands produce cortisol. When the adrenal glands quickly reduce or increase the secretion of cortisol and other substances, dogs may be in danger of life.
Symptoms of Dog Cushing’s disease
Dogs suffering from Cushing’s disease will have heart worms in their bodies. The formation of such worms will be very slow, but as soon as the worms appear, the dogs will have obvious symptoms. The owner must remember that if the dog begins to exhibit these behaviors, although it does not necessarily mean that it has already suffered from this disease, the owner should start to leave a dog’s eye on the dog. Be sure to pay attention to the changes in the dog’s daily behavior and actively communicate with the veterinarian.
Symptoms of Cushing’s disease: Excessive drinking and urination, Excessive eating, frequent urination at night, frequent wheezing, enlarged stomach, fat pads on neck and shoulders, hair loss, drowsiness, and hard white scales on the skin.
According to data from the American Kennel Club, these dogs breeds are at greater risk: poodles, dachshunds, Boston terriers, boxers and beagles. Cushing’s disease is most common in dogs over 8 years old.
Diagnose of Dog Cushing’s Disease
First, the vet will conduct a series of laboratory tests on the dog to determine whether it has this syndrome. Tests include basic blood chemistry analysis, complete blood count, and analysis of dog feces and urine. If the initial test result is positive, the veterinarian will need to conduct more tests and inspections.
Unfortunately, no diagnostic test can completely determine the presence of the disease, and the veterinarian may also need to perform an adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test or perform an ultrasound on the abdomen to determine whether the dog has Cushing’s disease; if the dog is unfortunate to have this disease, you should also consider whether it is due to PDH or ADH. Abdominal ultrasound and chest x-rays can also be used to determine whether a tumor has developed, whether the tumor has spread, and whether it is malignant.
Causation of Dog Cushing’s Disease
There are three types of Dog Cushing’s disease, each with different causes and treatment options.
Pituitary tumors. This is the most common situation. In this case, the disease is usually caused by a tumor on the pituitary gland, which is a pea-sized gland located at the bottom of the brain. These tumors vary in size and cause the adrenal glands to secrete too much cortisol.
Adrenal tumors. Benign or malignant tumors of the adrenal glands can cause this disease, and benign tumors can be cured by surgical treatment.
In fact, if your dog uses steroids for a long time, it will increase the secretion of cortisol in the adrenal glands. This is the least common condition and is often referred to as iatrogenic Cushing’s disease. The use of oral or injectable steroids can cause dogs to suffer from this disease, usually in puppies.
Treatment of Dog Cushing’s Disease
Different causes of dog Cushing’s disease require different methods of treatment. If it is Cushing’s disease caused by pituitary tumors, it needs to be treated with drugs. The problem caused by adrenal tumors is the need for surgical treatment and recovery with drugs. As for iatrogenic Dog Cushing’s disease, steroid use must be stopped. However, it should be noted that this process requires the guidance of a pet doctor to gradually remove the steroid drugs used by dogs.
The best way to prevent the disease is to maintain a normal and healthy lifestyle for dogs. This not only prevents Cushing’s disease, but also keeps your dog healthy. Of course, Cushing is not an incurable disease. In most cases, early detection and early treatment can restore the health of dogs. And this requires the dog owner to pay close attention to the daily situation of the dog to see if it shows symptoms of Cushing’s disease.
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