Dog Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted via a tick bite. The disease was first discovered in the town of Lyme, Connecticut, in the mid-1970s.
Borrelia burgdorferi has a wide range of hosts. Natural hosts include humans, cattle, horses, dogs, cats, deer, raccoons, wolves, hares, foxes, and various small rodents. Borrelia burgdorferi is isolated from a variety of arthropods (including deer flies, horse flies, mosquitoes, fleas), but it is mainly transmitted by the bite of infected ticks. American scholars believe that the main biological vector for the transmission of Lyme disease spirochetes from animals to humans is the Ixodes ricinus population, North America is the deer tick, Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus, and in Europe it is mainly Ixodes ricinus.
Symptoms of Dog Lyme Disease
The most common symptom of dogs infected with Lyme disease is lameness, because of joint inflammation, and often occurs repeatedly. The dog may get sore in one foot for a few days and then become lame in the other foot in a few days, and the joints may swell.
Some dogs may also develop kidney disease. If not be treated, the dog may eventually have kidney failure, vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, polyuria, thirst and edema.
Other symptoms include fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, etc. Rare symptoms may have heart problems, behavior changes, and symptoms of epilepsy.
Diagnosis of Dog Lyme Disease
If your dog has been exposed to ticks and has the above symptoms, you need to take your dog to be diagnosed with Lyme disease through some tests. The most commonly used diagnostic methods in veterinary hospitals are blood tests for the presence of antibodies. Special kits are used to simultaneously test for heartworm, Ehrlichia and dog Lyme disease.
Treatment of Dog Lyme Disease
Dog Lyme Disease is usually treated with antibiotics and usually improves quickly. As for kidney problems caused by this disease, supportive therapy needs to be given, and the dog’s kidney index is continuously monitored.
Prevention of Dog Lyme Disease
Since Dog Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks, it is the best way to prevent ticks from biting dogs. In addition to regular medication, it is best to check the dog for ticks every day and remove the ticks in time.
Some parts of the United States are endemic areas of Lyme disease, so if the local dogs are often outdoors, it is recommended to use the Lyme vaccine for prevention. In other regions, the incidence of the disease is very low, so it is always controversial whether all the Lyme vaccines need to be administered regularly. If you are not sure, it is recommended to discuss with the veterinarian to see if your dog’s living environment or type is necessary to be vaccinated; Or give your dog a tick-killing collar.
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