Canine Pancreatitis can be generally divided into three types: Acute, Chronic and Recurrent. Acute type is divided into two categories: mild and severe. The development of the former is self-limiting, and there will be no multiple system problems and complications: the latter’s course is progressive and there will be serious complications.
The acute and chronic complications are as follows:
1. Acute complications: shock, hypothermia, peritonitis, intra-abdominal fat necrosis, sepsis, jaundice, acute oliguric renal failure, decreased bowel activity, hypocalcemia, hyperglycemia, and dyspnea.
2. Chronic complications: abscess and vacuolation of the pancreas, fibrosis and atrophy of the pancreas, and bile duct obstruction causing liver disease.
Causation of Canine Pancreatitis
Dogs are obese or eat high-fat foods for a long time.
Suffering from hyperlipidemia (Schnauzer related to this).
Cortical dysfunction in sick dogs or high governors treated with steroids.
The pressure inside the pancreatic duct rises, so that the dog’s pancreatic juice must not flow out.
Pancreatic duct obstruction (duodenitis, edema, tumor or abnormal movement of parasites).
Infection (ascending intestinal bacteria, canine parvovirus infection, toxoplasmosis or pancreatic leech).
The abdominal cavity is damaged or operated on.
Pancreatic ischemia, hypotension or embolism.
Clinical Symptoms of Canine Pancreatitis
The clinical symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs are uncertain and lack of specificity. The more common ones include: vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, depression, dehydration, pain on the front abdominal palpation, diarrhea (sometimes called hemorrhagic), Fever (because of inflammation), weakness, and even shock.
Diagnosis of Canine Pancreatitis
It can be diagnosed by laboratory tests.
1. Hematology and blood biochemical test: early detection and early treatment.
2. Ascites analysis, biochemical examination, radiological examination and ultrasound examination: can be used to determine the disease.
Prevention of Canine Pancreatitis
1. Usually need to be hospitalized to give drip treatment, if the vomiting situation is serious, need to fast. Food should also avoid high-protein and high-fat foods. If it is open pancreatitis (lung fluid enters the abdominal cavity), surgical treatment is required.
2. Bait therapy: should be fed to low-fat, high-protein foods.
3. Symptomatic therapy: those with fatty diarrhea should be supplemented with pancreatic enzyme preparations and vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid and prodigium. In order to inhibit pancreatic secretion, antacid antispasmodics are often given.
4. Patients with diabetes are treated as diabetes.
In general, this disease occurs regardless of age and gender, but there are reports that middle-aged, obese and less active female dogs are susceptible to this disease. In addition, Schnauzer and Dachshund are more likely to suffer from Pancreatitis. If the pancreas itself is severely necrotic, the dog’s mortality rate will be quite high.
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