Feline Asthma is what humans call asthma, which is the chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma we often hear. Mostly caused by allergies. When the cat is stimulated by the allergen, it will cause the release of serotonin in the platelets and mast cells, causing the tracheal smooth muscle to contract. Usually such diseases will gradually become more and more serious, and eventually lead to bronchi Dilation and emphysema. Possible allergens include: grass, pollen, smoke, spray (perfume, deodorant, flea spray, hair spray), cat litter dust, flea powder, dry cleaning powder, or food allergies, but usually are Allergens cannot be confirmed, and the symptoms of asthma will continue and may become more and more intense. Most of them are mild chronic diseases and are related to allergies. If allergies are caused by allergens, it will cause increased tracheal secretions and narrowing of the trachea. Most affected cats will only attack for a few seconds to a few minutes. Cats only attack once in a few months, but there are a few cats that will intensively attack each day. At this time, long-term treatment must be used to control such symptoms.
Symptoms of Feline Asthma
Cats may experience standard asthma symptoms. Cats will squat like hens, stretch their necks against the ground, and then develop a rough wheezing, sometimes accompanied by coughing symptoms, with severity or allergies or occurrence frequency of allergen, some cats will continue to occur continuously within a day, while others will be attacked once every few days, even a few months to years.
Treatment of Feline Asthma
1. Emergency Treatment
Oxygen: When the cat has an acute attack and cyanosis, the oxygen cage can relieve the symptoms
Steroids: In emergencies, intravenous steroids should be given urgently.
Trachea Expander: Terbutaline can provide trachea dilation in case of emergencies, and even this kind of medicine can be used by the owner to take it home for spare. When breathing difficulties occur at home, it can be injected subcutaneously on its own. If there is still no improvement, it can be 15-30 Give another injection within minutes.
2. Long-term control (less symptoms)
Steroids: oral prednisolone twice a day, after taking 10 to 14 days, gradually reduce the dose and frequency of medication within 1 to 2 months, this is to find the lowest maintenance dose (using steroids can achieve anti-inflammatory effects, thereby controlling the disease The side effects of steroids in addition to obesity, increased appetite, etc., because patients generally need to take high doses of steroids for a long time, it can also cause pancreatitis, diabetes, polyuria, cystitis and other diseases). If there are difficulties in drug administration, there are also long-acting injection steroids available, such as methylprednisolone intramuscular or subcutaneous injection, some can be administered once every two weeks, and some can be administered once a month, depending on the onset situation.
Tracheal dilator: It should be used together with oral steroids, because anti-inflammatory is the most important in the treatment of asthma.
Antibiotics: If there is any doubt about the secondary infection of bacteria, the appropriate antibiotics should be selected according to the bacterial culture.
Inhalation: Just like the control of asthma in humans, cats can also use inhalation sprays to control the symptoms of asthma. In order for cats to use inhalation sprays smoothly, special equipment is required to use them. There are already chambers (Aeroket) for cat asthma Available. Although inhaled sprays also contain steroids, inhaled steroids are only limited to the respiratory system, so the steroids only affect the upper respiratory tract and do not affect the organs of the whole body like oral steroids.
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