Australian Cattle Dog, also known as the Australian Queensland Heller, Blue Heeler (BlueHeeler). Country of origin Australia. The Australian Cattle Dog is the creator of the 29-year longevity record for dogs. Australian cattle dogs are energetic, enduring and versatile. In the Australian hinterland, Australian cattle dogs are mainly used to guide herds for long distances. They also need to adapt to the living environment of wilderness and wilderness and control herds in the most precise and labor-saving way.
History of Australian Cattle Dog
The origin of the Australian cattle dog is more complicated, and the UK has an endangered blue heeled dog. They bite the front and rear limbs of domestic animals to catch the sheep and cattle on the dock to the ship. There are many opinions about the origin of the Australian cattle dog, but it is very similar to this short-tailed dog. An Australian pioneer named Thomas Smithao in the 19th century needed to breed a dog breed similar to the dog, and at the same time required the dogs to be strong and strong to overcome the difficulties faced when driving the cattle. . In the breeding process, he took advantage of the ability of Australian wild dogs to quietly capture food while crawling, thus breeding a breed very similar to today’s Australian cattle dogs. Such dogs have a strong vigilance, so early training should be strengthened. The breeds are bred from a mixture of ancestors of many different breeds. Including Australian wild dogs, Highland Curley, Dalmatia, Australian Colby, old British Shepherd dogs and so on. The most important one is the Australian wild dog. The Australian cattle dog is the creator of the 29-year longevity record for dogs.
Appearance Feature of Australian Cattle Dog
Head: The head is strong, balanced with the overall body, and the structure is well-balanced; the cheeks are muscular, and the jaws are strong, deep, and very clear. Wider, slightly arched between the ears, commensurate with the rest of the body and balanced. The muscles of both cheeks are thick, but neither rough nor prominent. The forehead is strong, thick and well developed. The front face is wide and fits well under the eyes. The kiss is tapering, medium length, thick and strong. Lips are tight and clean. The nose is black, consistent with the body color.
Teeth: The teeth are sound and sturdy, arranged regularly, in a scissor-like manner. The lower incisors are closed to the rear to reach the upper incisors, and the teeth are neither in nor out. Eyes-The eyes are oval, medium in size, neither protruding nor sunken, showing alertness and wit. Alert and curious eyes are its characteristics. Eye color is dark brown. Ears: Both ears are of medium size, small ears are better than big ears. The roots of the ears are broad and the muscles are thick, upright, with medium pointed ears (neither spoon-shaped nor racket-shaped). When using them, the roots of the ears expand and move downwards and outwards, and when alert, the ears stand upright. Appropriate hair decoration on the inside of the ear.
Forelegs: Both shoulders are broad, slightly inclined, strong and angular above the arm bones; the forelegs are thick, round bones that extend all the way to the feet. Viewed from the front, the legs are straight, but the palm is at an angle to the forearm bones.
Hindquarters: The hindquarters are broad, strong and muscular. The buttocks are very long and have a certain inclination. The legs are long and well developed, the knees are properly bent, and the tarsal joints are strong. Seen from the back, the tarsal joint and the foot are in a straight line.
Chest: Deep, muscular, and of moderate width. Waist: wide, strong, muscular, and deep in the waist. Feet: The feet are round, with short toes, strong, arched, and compact. The feet are hard and thick, and the claws are short and strong.
Tail: The base of the tail is slightly lower, extending downward from the sloping buttocks contour, approximately to the hock joint. At rest, the tail droops straight, slightly curved. During exercise or excitement, the tail protrudes and the tail is shaped like a beautiful brush.
Coat: mottled blue, blue spots, red spots, black, blue or brown markings on the head. The coat is smooth and double-layered. The undercoat is short and thick, the outer coat is tight, all the hair is straight, hard, lying flat on the body, and it can prevent rain. The hair under the body to the back of the legs is slightly longer.
Gait: Physical fitness is the most important. Appropriate action, free, gentle and lasting. The advancement of both shoulders, front face and hind limbs should be coordinated. Fast movement and explosive power are necessary for this dog.
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