The Dalmatian, commonly known as the Dalmatian, named after the spots on the body, is a speckled, special dog; Calm and alert; Strong, Muscular, and Lively; not shy; The expression is clever; the outline is well-balanced; there is no exaggeration or roughness. The Dalmatian has great endurance and runs very fast.

History of Dalmatian

Originated in the 15th century, Yugoslavia. In the nineteenth century, the British and French nobles used it as a guard dog in the carriage, and they ran before and after the carriage. For this reason, some people called it a carriage dog.

Named after the Dalmatia region where Yugoslavia originated. According to legend, its ancestors originated in Egypt or India, and later throughout Europe, became the local dog of Dalmatia. The Dalmatian dog is one of the few dog breeds that originated in Yugoslavia, and its appearance and facial expression are very similar to the Bengal Boeing. The image of the primitive ancestor of the Dalmatian dog was found in the reliefs and various ruins left in ancient Egypt and Greece, so it is confirmed that it belongs to a quite old dog breed, although it is already a well-recognized companion Dog, but in the early eighteenth century it was a very important towing dog in Yugoslavia, and in the early medieval period it was a well-known hunting dog galloping in the wilderness. In the 19th century, the ladies of Britain, France and other countries used it as a pet dog to guard the carriage. I believe that anyone will be impressed with a black-spotted Dalmatian on a white background, so although in the early days they were excellent towing dogs, but now people have forgotten its original towing function, because it frequently appears in visual communication The distinctive role in the media has made the audiovisual audience accept it as a companion dog. Once written by dodie smith (dodie smith) in his novel “101 dogs” (hundred and one dalmatians), and later adapted into cartoons by Disney, it is widely known. There are many fans in Europe, America and Japan.

Body Characteristic of Dalmatian

The ideal shoulder height of a Dalmatian is about 19 to 23 inches. Too large or too small are defects. Whether male or female, any dog ​​with a shoulder height of more than 24 inches is a disqualification. The length of the entire body (distance from sternum to hip) is approximately equal to the shoulder height. Dalmatians have good physique and strong and strong bones, but they are never rough.

Head: The head of the Dalmatian dog is well coordinated with the entire body. It has the correct length and no loose skin.

Eyes: The position is slightly apart, medium size, a little round, and it is properly placed on the head. The color of the eyes is usually brown or blue, or a combination of the two. The darker color is more ideal. Usually, the color of the eyes with black spots is darker than the varieties with liver spots. Abnormally positioned eyelids or eyelashes (eyelid valgus, eyelid valgus, inverted eyelashes) are serious defects. Insufficient pigmentation of eye circles is also a serious defect.

Ears: The ears are medium in size, with slightly wider roots (in proportion), tapering, and slightly rounded tips. The position is higher, close to the head, and the texture of the auricle is thin and delicate. When the Dalmatian is alert, the top of the ear is flush with the top of the head, and the tip of the ear extends down the position of the bottom line of the cheek.

Muzzle: The outline of the muzzle is parallel to the outline of the head, and the length is roughly the same as the length of the head.

Nose: The nose is well pigmented, black-spotted dogs have a black nose, and liver-spotted dogs have a brown nose. Insufficient pigmentation of the nose (part of the nose is flesh-colored or completely flesh-colored) is a serious defect.

Bite: Scissor bite. Overshot bite and undershot bite are disqualifications.

Neck: It is beautifully rounded, quite long, without fat, and smoothly blends into the scapula. Topline: smooth, chest: deep, large chest volume, moderate width, good rib support, but no barrel chest. The chest bottom extends down the elbow. The bottom of the chest cavity is a beautiful curve, which is raised moderately towards the back of the body.

Waist: short, muscular, and slightly arched. The waist pockets of the entire waist are quite narrow.

Hips: Relative to the back, almost flat.

Tail: It is a natural extension of the top line. The location cannot be too low. The root is thick, tapering towards the end and extending to the hock joint. Never end. The posture is a curve that curves slightly upwards, but it must never curl to the back. Ring-shaped tails or tails that are too low are defects.

The hindquarters are very powerful and have smooth but very clear muscles. Knee: Good bending. Hock: Low position. When the Dalmatian is standing, the hind legs are parallel to each other from the hock to the paw. Cattle limbs are very serious defects.

Feet: Very important. The front and rear feet are very round and compact, the pads are thick and elastic, and the toes are arched. Flat feet are very serious defects. Black spotted dogs have black and/or white toenails; liver spotted dogs have brown and/or white toenails. Wolf claws can be removed.

Coat: short, thick, delicate and snug. Neither wool nor silk. The appearance of the coat is smooth, shiny and healthy.

Coat color and spots are one of the important judgment indicators of Dalmatian dogs. For this reason, anyone with coats other than black spots and reddish brown spots are inferior products. Dalmatian dogs love cleanliness and love bathing. Therefore, you should often scrub the coat or take a bath. This dog is an indispensable dog breed for full exercise.

Colors and markings: Colors and markings and his overall appearance are the factors that are taken into consideration when judging. The background color is pure white. Dogs with black spots, the spots are thick black. A liver-colored spotted dog, the spot color is liver brown. In addition, any color markings are disqualified.

Spots: The spots are round and clear, the clearer the better. The size of the spot varies from 10 cents coin size to half dollar coin size. The spots are of suitable size and evenly distributed. It is better if the spots are not mixed. Usually, the spots on the head, legs, and tail are smaller than the spots on the body. It is best to have spots on the ears.