A parasitic disease caused by the parasitic coccidiosis in the intestines is called Cat Isosporiasis Disease, which mainly presents with enteritis-type symptoms on the spot. Because the disease is infectious, if a sick cat is found, it should be isolated and treated in time so as not to make your other cat infected with this disease.
The pathogen of the disease is Isospora coccidia, which is characterized by the embryo spores in the oocyst forming two sporangia, each containing four sporozoites. This coccidiosis usually parasitizes in the intestinal mucosal epithelial cells of dogs, cats, humans and other carnivorous animals. Animals swallowed infectious oocysts during feeding and drinking. Oocysts are affected by duodenal fluid and pancreatic juice in the duodenum. Sporozoites escape from the sac and become round trophozoites. The nucleus of the trophozoite proliferates to form schizonts.
After several generations of asexual schizont proliferation, sexual gamete reproduction occurs, forming large gametes and small gametes, large and small gametes enter the human intestinal tract, and combine here, develop into a double-layered membrane oocyst, the oocyst follows Feces are excreted. The oocysts propagate spores in a suitable environment to form spore cells, which then divide into sporozoites. This process ends in 3-4 days and nights, and under adverse conditions, the time to form sporozoites in the oocysts will be extended.
The oocysts have a strong resistance to disinfectants, but they die quickly in a few days in dry air. The route of infection is the digestive tract. Contaminated food, drinking water, as well as flies and rodents with coccidia oocysts can develop the disease.
Symptoms of Cat Isosporiasis Disease
There are many infections of Cat Isosporiasis, and people will also be infected by this parasite. The source of infection is usually the raised cat or dog, so we should minimize contact with the sick cat and isolate it for treatment.
The symptoms of kittens with this disease are more severe. The main clinical manifestations are diarrhea, thin stools, mixed with mucus, and sometimes blood. Sick cats will appear to be emaciated, dull in coat, stop developing and eventually die from exhaustion. Adult cats are more resistant, and they tend to develop chronically.
To judge the disease, the oocysts in the feces can be inspected by the saturated saline floatation method, and a comprehensive diagnosis can be made based on the characteristics, morphology, number of oocysts, and the clinical characteristics and epidemiological data of the sick cat.
How to treat the Cat Isosporiasis Disease?
This Cat Isosporiasis is not only contagious but also lethal. If the diseased dogs or cats are not treated in time, the cats will die. Therefore, it is critical to detect the disease in time and treat it accordingly.
The treatment of this disease is preferred by alanine treatment, at a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight, mixed with food and fed for 7 to 12 days. Long-term use of this medicine is prone to side effects such as vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea and neurological symptoms. If such side effects occur, the drug should be discontinued, and thiamine, glucose, and fluid replacement should be given to help the cat return to normal. Furan drugs and sulfonamides can also be used, such as Bayer’s 100 ball clear, in order to make the drug quickly reach an effective concentration in the blood.
A large dose should be used for the first administration, and the maintenance dose is 1/2. Sulfadiazine first dose 0.14 – 0.2g/kg body weight, orally or intravenously, followed by 0.11g/kg body weight every 12h. In addition, it also treats symptomatic diseases, strengthens nutrition, and increases the body’s resistance to disease.
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