Domesticated Guinea Pig originated from South America, also known as Guinea pig and sunflower rat. This rat is very popular in the local people. It has a gentle temperament, small and cute, and convenient to take care of. Therefore, many people are willing to keep it as a pet .
The origin of the name of the Domesticated Guinea Pig may be because it used to sell a “Guinea” (this is an ancient British copper coin), and grew fat like a pig, so it was called Guinea Pig; some people think it originated from Africa It is called Guinea, and some people believe that it originated from Guyana, who had frequent contacts with Europe at that time in South America, and then it was written as Guinea. The Chinese call it a guinea pig and guess that it might have been introduced into China from Tianzhu (now India), so it is called a “guinea pig”. Some organizations in the world are scrambling to breed guinea pigs. People have bred a variety of breeds with different coat colors and shapes.
Morphological Characteristics of Domesticated Guinea Pig
The ideal body length of an adult Domesticated Guinea Pig should be about 28 cm, the ideal weight of a male rat should be about 1 kg, and the ideal weight of a female rat should be about 0.8 kg. Different species have different body types and weights.
The ears of Domesticated Guinea Pig are greatly collapsed slightly forward, and there are many small blood vessels on the ears for heat dissipation, and the hearing is good. The vision of the eyes is good and you can see clearly. The nose is sensitive, dry and soft. There are 20 teeth. There are two long teeth (front teeth) on the upper and lower front of the mouth, about 1 cm in length. They are mainly used for biting/cutting food and also as offensive weapons in fights.
There are 8 upper and lower molars on the back of the mouth near the cheeks, which are mainly used for chewing food. The teeth of Domesticated Guinea Pig will continue to grow throughout their lives, so they must often eat high-fiber foods to prevent excessive tooth growth. (When the teeth are too long, Domesticated Guinea Pig will starve to death because they cannot eat).
The front feet have four toes and the soles of the feet are hairless. The structure of the forefoot of a Domesticated Guinea Pig is different from that of a general rodent, and it cannot flexibly take objects into the mouth, nor can it climb vertically. Because of the herbivore and more food, the belly is bigger. The hind feet have three toes and the soles of the feet are hairless. The distance between the hind feet is wider than the front feet.
Feeding Knowledge of Domesticated Guinea Pig
If your Domesticated Guinea Pig is young, you should spend more time with it to let it get used to your existence and current living environment. You can make a paper tube to hide in it. If you let it out, In addition to running around, it also finds hiding places to hide, which is the nature of rats. Because the size of the Domesticated Guinea Pig is much larger than the golden rat, the maple leaf rat and other rodents, there is no need to worry about not being able to find it, but be careful about whether there is rat poison or other medicine on the ground to prevent it from ingesting by mistake. Domesticated Guinea Pig like to gnaw things, especially when they are young, you can buy small pieces of wood (available in pet shops) to grind their teeth, and sometimes you can bite them with your fingers, but sometimes they will bite a little bit harder. The Guinea Pigs are biting themselves When living in a cage, it may mean that it is boring. If the owner has time, please play with them!
Domesticated Guinea Pig often growl, which may mean that they are hungry, or, if you are raising a group of guinea pigs, it may be because you can’t find a companion. Domesticated Guinea Pig sometimes have vibrating sounds and movements, which means that they are happy or excited. You can usually let it bask in the sun, but you need to shade it. Try not to sun it during the hottest time at noon or for too long. The evening is better. In terms of hygiene, the environment should not be humid or electric heaters should be placed around, which is not good for them. Of course, cleanliness is the most important thing. Sometimes you hold it in your arms, it will also let you coax it to sleep. When grasping Domesticated Guinea Pig, they may instinctively escape. It is best to hold its entire back in your hand with one hand and the other hand to support its chest and abdomen to avoid falling to the ground. When releasing Domesticated Guinea Pig, you must have a certain range. Don’t let them go outdoors freely, because they are quite agile. Once they run away, they may not be easy to catch, and they may become the target of other animals’ attacks. Therefore, they must be protected. When you want to take a guinea pig out, you should avoid it from catching cold. It is best to cover the cage with a cloth, but make sure the air circulation in the cage. Don’t believe that the so-called “mouse rope” can tie it, because the guinea pig’s body will become longer, so it can break free.