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    The White-collared Yuhina, belongs to the Old World babbler and Yuhina nigrimenta, is a large (17.5 cm) smoke-brown Yuhina. With a fluffy crest, a large white patch on the back of the neck meets with wide white eye circles and the back brow line. Distributed in western China, northeastern Myanmar and northern Vietnam, it is a very common mountain resident bird found in southern Gansu, southern Shaanxi (Qinling), Sichuan, western Hubei, Guizhou and Yunnan. Except for the activities in pairs or alone during the breeding period, at other times there are more than 3-5 to more than 10 small groups. It often moves and forages between the branches and leaves of the canopy, and also down to young trees or tall shrubs and bamboos under the forest or under the grass. From time to time, the shrill sounds of “silk, silk, silk” are made. During the breeding period, they often stand on the branches of shrubs and sing for a long time. The sound is loud and changeable.

    Appearance Characteristics of White-collared Yuhina

    The White-collared Yuhina has a fluffy crest, and a large white patch on the back of the neck meets with a wide white eye circle and back eyebrow line. The chin, nostrils and eyes are first black. Feathers are black and feathers are nearly white. The lower abdomen is white. Iris-reddish; mouth-nearly black; feet-pink. Howling: The faint chirping sound is like a white eye bird. Except for the activities in pairs or alone during the breeding period, at other times there are more than 3-5 to more than 10 small groups. It often moves and forages between the branches and leaves of the canopy, and also down to young trees or tall shrubs and bamboos under the forest or under the grass. From time to time, the shrill sounds of “silk, silk, silk” are made. During the breeding period, they often stand on the branches of shrubs and sing for a long time. The sound is loud and changeable. The White-collared Yuhina is ​​a very common mountain resident bird, found in southern Gansu, southern Shaanxi (Qinling), Sichuan, western Hubei, Guizhou and Yunnan. It is distributed abroad in northeastern Myanmar and northern Vietnam.

    It mainly feeds on insects and plant fruits and seeds. Physical foods accounted for 83% of the total frequency of feeding, insects accounted for 61%. Plant foods are mainly Rosaceae fruits, various berries and weed seeds, etc. The insects eaten are mainly beetles, golden beetles, lady beetles and click beetles Other coleoptera insects, followed by Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera and Orthoptera insects.

    Food Requirements of White-collared Yuhina

    The White-collared Yuhina mainly feeds on insects and plant fruits and seeds. Physical foods accounted for 83% of the total frequency of feeding, insects accounted for 61%. Plant foods are mainly Rosaceae fruits, various berries and weed seeds, etc. The insects eaten are mainly beetles, golden beetles, lady beetles and click beetles Other coleoptera insects, followed by Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera and Orthoptera insects. Except for the activities in pairs or alone during the breeding period, at other times there are more than 3-5 to more than 10 small groups. It often moves and forages between the branches and leaves of the canopy, and also down to young trees or tall shrubs and bamboos under the forest or under the grass. From time to time, they make a shrill “fizz, fizz, fizz” sound. During the breeding period, they often stand on the branches of shrubs and sing for a long time. The sound is loud and changeable.

    The White-collared Yuhina is distributed in western China, northeastern Myanmar and northern Vietnam. It has been included in the “World Conservation Union” (IUCN) 2012 Red List of Threatened Species ver 3.1-Low Risk (LC).

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