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August 9, 2020 at 10:18 am #4407AnonymousInactive
Texel Guinea Pig, also known as long curly guinea pigs, are distributed in Peru, Brazil and other places. Texel Guinea Pig are a relatively common pet breed, and are loved and raised by many people.
Appearance Characteristics of Texel Guinea Pig
The Texel Guinea Pig is a relatively rare species of guinea pigs. Its unique long hair is curly, which can be different in care, but its habits are still the same as ordinary guinea pigs.
The Texel Guinea Pig is 22-34 cm long and weighs 400-700 grams. It is short, thick and round, with a large head, large and round eyes and bright, round ears, split upper lip, and short ears; short limbs and four toes on the front feet. The hind foot has 3 toes and no outer tail.
1. Vitamin C cannot be synthesized in the body (liver and intestine), and the required vitamin C must be derived from feed. Humans, primates and Texel Guinea Pig lack the enzyme that synthesizes vitamin C. Therefore, when raising Texel Guinea Pig, vitamin C must be added to the feed or water or fresh vegetables. When vitamin C is deficient, scurvy occurs. One of the symptoms is hind limbs. Semi-paralysis occurs, especially in winter, if vitamin C is supplied, the symptoms disappear.
2. The ear socket tube is sensitive, which is convenient for hearing experiments. Texel Guinea Pig are most sensitive to pure tones of 700 to 2000 cycles/second. For example, 2000 cycles/second audio frequency is commonly used to observe the study of neomycin’s toxicity to the inner ear.
3. It can withstand hypoxia and anti-hypoxia, 4 times stronger than mice and 2 times stronger than rats.
4. Very sensitive to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Brucella, Leptospira, Brucella meliteusis, Diphtheria, Q fever virus, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis virus, etc.
5. Texel Guinea Pig are prone to allergic reactions. The “complement” in serological diagnosis is made from Texel Guinea Pig serum.
6. The thymus of the Texel Guinea Pig is all in the neck, located between the corner of the mandible and the entrance of the thoracic cavity. There are two bright, light yellow, slender, round and fully lobed glands. The liver is divided into four main lobes and four lobules. The lung is divided into seven lobes, four lobes of the right lung and three lobes of the left lung.
7.The sex cycle of Texel Guinea Pig is 16.5 (12-18) days, the gestation period is 68 (62-72) days, the lactation period is 21 days, and the number of litters is 3.5 (1~6). It is a year-round, polyestrous animal. And there is a postpartum sexual cycle. Animal sex cycles are divided into two categories: multiple cycles (multiple cycles per year) and single cycles (one time cycles per year). Except for primates, there are obvious species differences in the reproductive cycle of all mammals. Some animals such as dogs, cats, pigs, horses, cattle, etc. only have this periodic change during the reproductive season, and the reproductive organs are in the rest of the time. Atrophic resting state, but animals such as mice, rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, etc., under normal circumstances, show a round-trip cycle of the birth cycle throughout the year. Texel Guinea Pig and mice, rats, hamsters, rabbits and rats still have a postpartum period, that is, after an animal is pregnant and gives birth, it may become pregnant within 48 hours or within a certain period of lactation, which is called postpartum sex. Period or abnormal pregnancy.
Feeding points for Texel Guinea Pig
Because the Texel Guinea Pig cannot synthesize vitamin c by themselves, the owner needs to pay great attention to supplementing them with vitamin C to help the Texel Guinea Pig have a balanced nutrition. The editor has compiled the feeding points of Texel Guinea Pig at different ages for your reference.
1. Young rat (born – eight months)
When a little Texel Guinea Pig comes to the house, the most worrying thing is eating. In fact, guinea pigs will forage on their own as soon as they leave the mother (early birth). The demand for breast milk is not as high as that of rabbits or hamsters. A moderate amount of food supply usually allows the guinea pigs to grow up healthily.
In terms of fresh fruits and vegetables, be sure to give them a small amount. Don’t give him a bunch of things that he can’t finish eating at a time because of pampering or worry, and avoid developing the habit of picky eaters. In addition, harder rhizomes can be cut into small pieces and given (it doesn’t matter if you don’t cut them).
In terms of pastures, several meals can be given in small amounts (Texel Guinea Pig are very fond of eating grass, so there is no need to worry about unacceptable conditions).
In terms of feed, young Texel Guinea Pig need higher nutrition than adult Texel Guinea Pig during the growth period. Please provide alfalfa-based growth feed (if necessary, you can mix a little grain). When using a mixed feed, please pay attention to pick out the larger and harder components such as hard corn to prevent the little Texel Guinea Pig from choking; the compressed hard feed (pellet) should not be too thick, so as to prevent the young Texel Guinea Pig from eating. And refuse to eat.
The owner can mix a little bit of adult Texel Guinea Pig feed into the baby Texel Guinea Pig feed, and let the Texel Guinea Pig imitate the behavior of the mother rat to try to bite the feed, so that it will be easier to succeed when changing food in the future. The newly bought little guinea pigs do not eat, leaving the mother mouse too early and the mental stress of changing the environment are the main factors, and the problem of food inadaptability is the second.
2. Conversion period of young Guinea Pig to adult Guinea Pig (eight months – one year old)
Feed mainly for young Texel Guinea Pig, and stop the feed (or very little). At the same time, in order to consider the conversion of adult Texel Guinea Pig, some adult Texel Guinea Pig feed can be put in the baby Texel Guinea Pig feed (the fifth month is to be changed to rat feed).
In terms of fresh fruits and vegetables and pastures, the supply can be increased. The harder rhizomes can be given directly or cut into pieces.
3. Adult Texel Guinea Pig(one to four years old): plenty of pasture, appropriate Timothy feed (or alfalfa feed reduction) and fresh fruits and vegetables.
4. Old Guinea Pig (four years old and above)
The activity of old guinea pigs is not as strong as that of adult guinea pigs. Naturally, they need less nutrition every day than adult guinea pigs.
For old guinea pigs with reduced chewing ability and nutrient absorption, a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables, appropriate amount of pasture and a small amount of feed are better choices. In addition, supplementing a small amount of vitamin C every day can make old guinea pigs live healthier.
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