Home Forums Dog Dog Food and Treats Morphological Characteristics of American Cocker Spaniel

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    American Cocker Spaniel is also called cocker spaniel, cocker spaniel, cocker spaniel. Originated in the United States, Cocker Spaniel has become a small dog due to its successful reproduction and improvement in the United States. It was identified and recognized in 1946. Now it has become one of the most popular dog breeds in the world, mostly used as a family dog.

    Morphological characteristics:
    Dogs with high energy, mild temperament, lively and alert should be selected. The coat should be long and wavy, thick and dense, never short and sparse; the eyes are round, the eyes are gentle, and the eyes are dark; the ears should be long and drooping to the nose, and the feathers are rich, long and wavy. The body structure is compact, the muscles are full and strong, the chest is thick, the back is slightly inclined, and the tail is short; the limbs are thick and short, strong and powerful, and the head is round. Kiss deep, jaw short and flat; fingers and claws Compact Plus cat’s claws, head with beautiful but not disordered steps: a head with even proportion (head should keep balance with other parts of the body) should include expression: expression should be witty, alert, gentle and moving.

    Skull area: skull: round, but not exaggerated, not flat; eyebrows are clear. The skeleton structure below the eye is well-defined.

    Nose: nose should have enough size to keep balance with muzzle and front face, with developed nostrils, typical characteristics of sports dogs. The nose of black, black and white, black and brown dogs should be black, other colors of dogs can be brown, liver brown or black, the darker the better. The color of the nose should be coordinated with the orbit.

    Tone: wide and deep. In order to maintain the right balance, the distance from the forehead to the tip of the nose should be half the distance from the forehead up to the occipital bone.

    Neck: the neck should be long enough so that the dog’s nose can easily touch the ground, with developed muscles. The skin below the throat should not be too loose and drooping. The neck is raised from the shoulder, slightly arched, and slightly narrowed at the junction with the head.

    Back line: lean slightly toward the strong hindquarters. Back: the back is strong and even inclined, slightly downward from the shoulder to the tail root.

    Chest: the chest is deep, the lowest point is not higher than the elbow, and the front part of the body has enough width to accommodate the heart and lungs, but not too wide to affect the straight forward movement of the forelegs. The rib cage is deep and has good curvature.

    Tail: the tail shall be cut off. The tail and the back line shall be kept well, flat or slightly higher than the back line, but they shall not be as straight as the terrier or too low, so as to make the dog appear timid. When the dog moves, the tail moves happily.

    Limbs: Forebody: the forelegs are parallel, straight, strong, muscular, close to the body, directly below the shoulder blades. Shoulder: the shoulder is fully backward, not about 90 degrees away from the upper arm, so that the front leg of the dog can easily move forward. The shoulders are well-defined, slightly inclined, without protrusions, and the tips of the shoulders are angled to ensure that the rib cage has sufficient curvature.

    Elbow: from the side, the front leg is vertical to the ground, and the elbow is just below the highest point of the shoulder blade. Bone: short and strong. The upper claws of the front legs can be removed. Hindquarters: Viewed from the rear, the hindquarters are parallel no matter when they are still or moving. The hind legs are strong and muscular.

    Hip: wide, round back, muscular. Thigh bone: powerful, well-defined. Knee joint: moderate angle. Strong, no matter in static or moving state, it is closely connected, without slip and looseness. Hock: strong, low position. The upper claws of the hind legs can be removed. Foot: the foot is compact, large and round, and the horny foot pad is hard; the foot cannot be skimmed outwards or outwards.

    Gait: Although Cocker is the smallest dog in the exercise dog group, it has the typical gait of the exercise dog. The gait is neat, smooth and relaxed, with sufficient strides. A good gait requires the coordination of the front drive and the rear drive. The driving force comes from the strong and powerful rear drive. The structure of the shoulder plate and the front legs is appropriate, so that it can stretch forward, without contracting the stride to balance the strong driving force generated by the rear drive.

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