Home Forums Dog Dog Food and Treats Morphological characteristics of Dalmatian Dogs

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    The ideal shoulder height for a Dalmatian is about 19-23 inches. Too large or too small are defects. Any dog, male or female, with a shoulder height of more than 24 inches is disqualified. The length of the whole body (the distance from the sternum to the buttocks) is roughly the same as the shoulder height. The Dalmatian dog has a good constitution, strong and strong skeleton, but never rough.
    morphological characteristics
    head: the head of the Dalmatian dog is quite coordinated with the whole body. It has the right length and no loose skin.
    Expression: the expression of the Dalmatian appears alert and intelligent, showing a stable and outgoing temperament. Eyes: slightly open, medium-sized, slightly round, in the right place on the head. The color of the eyes is usually brown or blue, or a combination of the two. It is better to have a darker color. Generally, the color of the eyes of the varieties with black spots is darker than that of the varieties with liver spots. The eyelids or eyelashes (entropion, ectropion, trichiasis) with abnormal position are serious defects. The lack of pigment in the eye circle is also a serious defect.
    Ears: the ears are medium-sized, with slightly wide (proportionate) roots, tapering gradually, and slightly rounded tips. High position, close to the head, the texture of auricle is thin and delicate. When the dog is alert, the top of the ear is flush with the top of the head, and the tip of the ear extends to the bottom of the cheek.
    Head: the head is flat, with slight longitudinal indentation in the middle, and the width and length of the head are equal.
    Stop: the stop is moderately clear. The cheeks blend smoothly into a powerful tone.
    Muzzle: the outline of the muzzle is parallel to that of the head, and the length is approximately the same as that of the head.
    Nose mirror: the nose mirror has enough pigment. For the dog with black spots, the color of nose mirror is black; for the dog with liver spots, the color of nose mirror is brown. The lack of colouring (part or all) of the nose is a serious defect.
    Lips: clean and tight.
    Bite: scissor bite. The upper jaw protruding bite and, or the lower jaw protruding bite and belong to disqualification.
    Neck: it’s in a beautiful arc shape, quite long, without fat, and smoothly integrated into the scapula.
    Back line: smooth.
    Chest: deep, large volume, moderate width, good rib support, but no barrel chest. The chest bottom extends to the elbow. The bottom of the chest is in a beautiful curve, and it is raised moderately to the rear of the body.
    Back: level and strong.
    Waist: short, muscular and slightly arched. The whole waist is quite narrow.
    Buttocks: almost flat relative to the back.
    Tail: a natural extension of the topline. Position cannot be too low. The root is thick and tapering to the end, extending to the hock joint. Never break the tail. The pose is a slightly upward curved curve, but never curled into the back. Circular tails or tails that are too low are defects.
    Scapula: smooth muscles, lean back.
    Upper arm: the length of the upper arm bone is approximately the same as that of the scapula, and it is connected with the scapula at an angle enough to make the foot claw just below the scapula. Elbow: close to the body.
    Forelegs: straight, strong, with strong bones.
    Glue bone: glue bone has a slight angle, showing flexibility.
    Hindquarters: the hindquarters are very powerful, with smooth, but very clear muscles.
    Knee joint: good bending.
    Hock: low position. When the Dalmatian dog stands, the hind legs are parallel to each other from hock to feet. Cattle limbs are very serious defects.
    Paws: very important. The front and rear feet are very round and compact, the foot pad is thick and elastic, and the toes are round and arched. Skirting is a very serious defect. Black spotted dogs have black and / or white toenails; liver spotted dogs have brown and / or white toenails. Wolf claws can be removed.
    Coat: the coat is short, thick, delicate and close to each other. It’s neither wool nor silk. The appearance of the coat is smooth, glossy and healthy.
    Color and mottling: color and mottling and his overall appearance are the key factors to be considered in the evaluation. The background color is pure white. A dog with black spots. The spots are thick black. A dog with liver spots. The color of the spots is liver brown. In addition, any color speckle is disqualified.
    Spot: the spot is round and clear, the clearer the better. The size of spots is suitable and the distribution is even. Spots don’t mix well. Usually, the spots on the head, legs, and tail are smaller than those on the body. It’s better to have spots on your ears. Tricolor (rarely in this species), tricolor is disqualified. Brown markings were found on the head, neck, chest, legs and tail of black or liver spotted dogs. Due to environmental impact or normal changes of coat: bronze black spots, faded or darkened liver spots are not three colors. Color block: color block belongs to disqualification. Color block refers to a large area of pure black or liver colored hair without white coat. Larger area than normal spots. The color block is dense, the color is shining and the boundary is clear and smooth. A large area of color composed of many spots mixed or overlapped is not a color block. This color area shows many individual spots, rugged borders, and may have white hair all over it.
    Gait: front and back angle balance, with strong muscles, and good conditions, forming a smooth and effective action. The drive of the hindquarters is strong, which matches the full extension of the forequarters. Keep the topline level. Elbows, hocks, and feet do not turn inward or outward. As the running speed increases, it tends to a single track.

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